Excessive Sweating Glossary
Antiperspirants: A commercial product available in almost all
supermarkets and shops to help with the normal signs and products of sweating
including odor and dampness. There is normally a huge range to choose from,
manufactured by several companies including variations in scent and dryness
levels. It is possibly to find medicated versions for cases of severe sweating
beyond normal levels
Apocrine Gland: One of two types of sweat gland, located in several places
including the armpits, face and groin. The sweat produced is normally oil based
as opposed to common water based sweat and is rarely affected by
Axillary Sweating: A sweat that is often brought on by a physiological
factors, including exercise and also high anxiety levels. Some people are
affected by severe sweating, this can be minimized by using antiperspirant or in
special cases surgery.
Botox: The common name given to a toxin extracted from Botulism Toxin
which is often used to reduce wrinkling, especially around the eyes.
Bromhidrosis: A medical term that describes excessive sweating from
glands, secreting a darker and worse smelling sweat than usual.
Clipping: A method used in Sympathectomy where nerve endings that call for
the production of sweat are clamped using titanium clips so that the signal will
not reach the glands. This process is reversible and as such is favored by many
people over other methods.
Compensatory Sweating: When sweat occurs on parts of the body where it is
unusual, often on the shoulders or thighs. Almost all sufferers who use
Sympathectomy will suffer from this after treatment, although only 1 in 20 would
call it severe.
Cutting: A method of Sympathectomy where the nerves are cut. This can be
carried out in many ways including removal of a segment of nerve or a simple
Drionic: A name given to an iontophoresis machine, where the normal
processes of the sweat glands are disrupted by small electrical pulses delivered
by the machine. While some users report success many others have not found it
helpful and regular treatment with the machine is required.
Drysol: A treatment produced commercially that consists of aluminum
chloride in an organic solvent that is used by severe sweat sufferers. It should
be applied when the area is dry and is available over the counter in many shops
and pharmacies; however there have been some minor side effects reported.
Eccrine Gland: One of two types of sweat gland, known to produce water
based sweat that has a minimal odor and is normally colorless. These are
affected by Sympathectomy and cover most of your bodies plantar surfaces.
Electrocautery: A term used for the destruction of tissue or blood
vessels. There are two types of instrument, mono and bi polar, the end result is
Endoscopic: It is a procedure performed by cutting only a small slit and using
specialized tools and methods.
Erythrophobia: A phobia of social interaction, often causes rashes or red
patches as well as blotchiness. These symptoms often cause anxiety in sufferers
and this in turn increases the phobia.
ETS – Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy: A medical procedure in which the
sympathetic chains that link glands are cut or clamped. Only a small incision is
made compared to older procedures where open surgery was needed and the patient
suffered for longer.
Flushing: Sufferers experience mild warm areas, normally on the face, no
redness or blotches appear unlike blushing
Ganglia: A mass of nerve cells or nerve tissue, often linking sympathetic
Gustatory Sweating: The production of sweat from the face when or after
eating, especially hot and spicy foods. It is especially common in those that
have been treated using Sympathectomy.
Hemothorax: A situation where there is loose blood with in the chest
cavity, very unusual and associated with major trauma, may be life threatening
although it can be solved via a chest tube relatively quickly.
Horner Syndrome: A reaction to Sympathectomy that results in the falling
of the higher eye lid, narrowed pupils as well as a dry eyeball. This is very
rare and occurs less now then when open surgery was performed.
Hyperhidrosis: Excessive sweat from the body including areas such as the
groin and feet, it is unusual and consists of more sweat than is needed for
thermoregulation with in the body.
Hyperhidrosis Surgery: Sympathectomy is surgery to correct Hyperhidrosis
and can include ETS.
Kuntz Nerve: A misleading name within Sympathectomy, Kuntz Nerve has only
been found in cats, however it is often used as a cause of high failure rates
within humans, sometimes in the context of Sympathectomy.
Neurotransmitters: A cell within your body that when stimulated releases
an impulse that acts as a catalyst for a nerve action.
Nerve Graft: The name given to a procedure where a nerve has been
accidentally severed or cut and must be replaces using a nerve graft. Often the
graft is taken from nerve tissue within the ankle.
Palmar Hyperhidrosis: A medical term used to describe excessive sweating
from the hands or palms. This can often be traced back to overactive
sympathetic cells in the chest and is associated with anxiety and a rapid heart
Parasympathetic: Part of the involuntary nervous system. The other part is
called the sympathetic and together these are considered to be the autonomous
Perspiration: The action of sweat being produced by the body onto body
surfaces so they will evaporate and transfer heat away from the skin, cooling
itself down, It is part of the bodies thermoregulation.
Plantar Sweating: Similar to Palmar Sweating and uses the same mechanism
except it relates to feet. It is common for those with plantar Hyperhydrosis in 8
out of 10 people.
Pneumothorax: A medical term used when there is loose air within the
chest cavity, normally caused by severe trauma such as a shooting, stabbing or
an accident in surgery such as cutting a lung.
Robinul: A medication which stops the stimulation of sweat glands in
Rosacea: The name given to a skin condition where there are broken blood
vessels that can damage the texture and quality of skin in the facial area.
Sympathetic: Part of the involuntary nervous system. The other part is
called the parasympathetic and together these are considered to be the
autonomous nervous system.
T2 T3 T4 Levels: Used to describe at which point the sympathetic nerve is
being cut. T2 is the second level rib and so on.
Titanium Clips: The clips applied to nerve cells in Sympathectomy to stop
the stimulation of sympathetic gland cells. They are made from Titanium to
minimize allergic reactions or infections.
Varicose Veins: The enlargement and imposition of veins, often in the legs
because they come closer to the surface. This can be brought on by long periods of sitting
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